Professor Tahboub is a professor of mechatronics engineering at the Palestine Polytechnic University where he was the founding dean of the college of engineering and technology and the founding dean of graduate studies and research. He was a visiting scholar and professor at Le Laboratoire d’Informatique, de Robotique et de Microéélectronique de Montpellier, at the Intelligent Machines Lab of the MIT, at the Institute of Perception, Action, and Behavior of the University of Edinburgh, at the Artificial Intelligence Institute of the University of Freiburg, at the Neurology Department of the University of Freiburg Medical Center, and at the Institute of Computer Engineering at the University of Heidelberg. Professor Tahboub is the recipient of the Fulbright fellowship - USA, the Royal Society fellowship - UK, and the Alexander von Humboldt fellowship - Germany.

Professor Tahboub has been actively engaged in the higher education system in Palestine. He took part in formulating the National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy (2000). He was a board member of the National Commission for Accreditation and Quality Assurance (2002-2006) and board member of the Higher Education Quality Improvement Fund (2007-2012). Further, he served as advisor to the minister of higher education (2012-2013). Currently, he serves as the vice chairman of the Scientific Research Council at the ministry of higher education and is a board member of the Higher Council for Innovation and Excellence.